If you are someone using cannabis for a severe illness this could be the healthiest way to consume.

For medical cannabis patients who deal with a lot of pain, a really strong edible is often the only thing that will provide relief.

A really strong edible often requires cannabutter, and a strong cannabutter at that.

Not all edible recipes call for butter, as some call for raw cannabis, cannabis milk, cannabis coconut butter, etc. 

But for the most part, knowing how to make cannabis butter is important as it's the starting point for most cannabis recipes. (Stay tuned for future recipes using other cannabis products.)

Many different methods exist to make cannabis butter, and there is no 'right way.'


Some people out there swear that their way is the only way to make cannabutter, but that's just simply not accurate.

I have seen people make cannabutter at least a hundred different ways, all of which produced some great cannabutter.

The only real difference was in the potency of the cannabutter.

Why I prefer my cannabutter to be as strong as possible

The better your product, the more potent your cannabutter will turn out.

A lot of cannabutter recipes I have seen over the years produce low to medium strength cannabutter. That's fine for a lot of people, but I prefer mine to be very strong.

I have a high tolerance, and when I'm eating edibles, it's likely because I'm in pain, and I want the pain to go away.

Weaker cannabutter is preferred by many people because they just want to relax, or to eat an edible that takes a bit of the edge off.

What I always point out to people is this:

You can always reduce the potency of butter by substituting cannabutter for regular butter in recipes.

However, you can't add more potency to butter after it's already been made.

So I prefer to make my butter as strong as possible, and then let my friends and family develop a ratio of cannabutter to regular butter that works best for their tolerance level and desires.

Step 1 - What do you need to make cannabis butter?

This is cannabis trim. It's not as potent as cannabis buds so more plant material will be required when using trim.

This is what you will need for a very strong cannabutter recipe that I have been using for about a decade, and have improved upon over the years:

  • Cannabis trim
  • Quality salted butter
  • Water
  • Cookie sheet
  • A boiling pot
  • Stirring spoon
  • Potato ricer

Typically, access to cannabis trim requires being a grower or knowing one.

If you don’t have trim, you can always use dried buds instead, and this recipe requires MUCH LESS buds than trim.

The cookie sheet will be used for decarboxylating the cannabis trim (see step 2), and the potato ricer will be used to strain the boiled cannabis at the end of the boiling (see step 4).

Be aware that this method of boiling in a large pot produces a lot of odor.

Many of my friends and family prefer to use a crock-pot to make cannabutter to prevent the smell from filling the house, but I have found that method adversely affects potency.

The method I use involves boiling cannabis, water, and butter for four hours with no lid on the pot, so you can imagine the aroma it produces. Consider this your warning!

Step 2 - How to Decarboxylate cannabis

Baking your cannabis in the oven causes decarboxylation (the conversion of THCA to THC.) Photograph of Jeff the 420 Chef

For a long time I did not decarboxylze my cannabis before making butter with it.

The end result was still very strong, but the cannabutter did not possess the full effect you coud have.

Decarboxylization is necessary to activate some of the cannabinoids in the cannabis, in order to get the most effect out of the cannabis being used. Below is how you do it:

  1. Break up your cannabis as much as possible (a food processor works well)
  2. Place it on a cookie sheet
  3. Preheat your oven to 260 degrees
  4. Place the cookie sheet with the cannabis on it in the oven for 45 minutes

As with just about anything in the cannabis world, there are differing opinions as to what is the best temperature and duration to decarb cannabis.

Most people I know will say low 200's for about 60-75 minutes, but my friend Amber Senter, who I consider to be the top cannabis edible authority in America, suggested that I do 260 degrees for 45 minutes. 

Step 3 - Combine all the ingredients and start boiling

Boiling cannabis without a lid produces a strong aroma. If this is a concern for you, use a crockpot instead.

This brings us to the boiling phase, which also includes mixing my initial cannabis butter ratio (strong and easily diluted later with regular butter):

  1. Fill the pot 1/4 to 1/3 full of cannabis trim
  2. Put one cup of butter for every four cups of water into the pot, until the pot is about 80% of the way full
  3. Turn on the burner as high as it will go, and bring the mixture to a boil
  4. Let the mixture boil for four hours, stirring as needed
  5. Add water as needed because it evaporates and the level in the pot lowers

I cannot emphasize it enough, while the mixture boils it will be putting off a very strong smell of cannabis.

If you live somewhere that odor is a concern, keep the overwhelming smell in mind.

As previously stated, you can use a crock-pot if you want to lower the smell factor.

However, every time you open the lid the smell will be very strong, and since the crock-pot does not burn as hot, the final product isn't as strong but it will still work.

If you are doing the stove top method, check the boiling mixture every 15-30 minutes to see if it needs to be mixed and/or have water added.

You can boil it for longer than four hours if desired, but I have found that four hours is sufficient for making a strong cannabutter.

Step 4 - Straining the mixture after the boiling is done

A potato ricer is a priceless – and easy to use – tool for removing excess water from the boiled cannabis.

When you are done boiling, the next step is separating the solids from the liquids.

A lot of the work can be done by pouring the mixture through a strainer into a container. However, the remaining ultra-hot cannabis trim still has a lot of liquid butter on it, and that needs to be separated too.

For a long time I just let it sit on the strainer and let gravity do the work. However, not all of the butter would strain off of the cannabis, and a lot would be lost.

I then started just squeezing the cannabis with my hands (after cleaning them of course!), which was very effective at getting the remaining liquid butter off the cannabis.

It was a long process, as I had to wait for the cannabis to be cold enough to touch, but still warm enough for the butter to be in a liquid state.

One day my wife saw what I was doing and asked why I wasn't using a potato ricer. I had never heard of such a thing, but it proved to be a revolution for my butter making process.

I have been using a potato ricer ever since, which has really cut down on a lot of the time spent straining and squeezing the cannabis.

Step 5 - Letting the butter cool and storing in the refrigerator

When it comes to consuming cannabutter, remember you have to start low and go slow, even if you are a longtime cannabis smoker.

By the time you are done straining and squeezing the mixture, the cannabis liquid will have already started separating, with the water on the bottom, and the oil on the top.

Leave the container out for about 30-45 minutes to cool off a bit, then put it in the fridge over night.

When you wake up the next day, the oil will have hardened into glorious cannabutter.

Pulling it out of the container is tricky, as the water underneath will splash around as you're removing the cannabutter, so watch out for that.

You can discard the water, which is likely brown and very gross looking. Scrape off any funky stuff from the bottom side of the cannabutter chunk, and put it in the fridge.

If I'm not going to use the cannabutter for awhile I put it in the freezer. I don't know exactly how long cannabutter lasts in the freezer, but I have used it months after making it and it still worked great. 


This recipe should make extra strength cannabis butter, which can be mixed with regular butter to reduce the potency if you choose. If you don't reduce the potency, be careful, as this recipe makes really, really strong cannabutter!

If you are trying to be healthier, you can by all means use unsalted butter as an input too.

If you have any tips or tricks, or another butter recipe that you prefer, by all means put it in the comments section so that others can benefit from your knowledge!

Learning How to Make Your Own Cannabis Edibles is Easy

A lot of people prefer to make their own edibles, and it's easier than you might think. If you're interested in more recipes, check out some of Green Flower's DIY classes:

WATCH: Making Medicinal Truffles and a Smoothie w/ Maya Elisabeth


ENJOY: Cannabis Infused Salmon Salad for Chronic Pain


How do you prefer your edibles?

How do you prefer your edibles?

Not that strong
medium strength
as strong as possible